Crew of the C.S.S. Virginia

Only the Navy and Marine personnel are listed below. Because of a lack of qualified sailors, a number of soldiers from the CSA were transferred to the Navy to man the C.S.S. Virginia. These are listed here.

Much of this is taken from the Muster Roll listed in the Official Records of the Navies.

Norris and White give the home state of many of the officers.

There is often confusion that  Virginius Newton served on the Virginia. He was aboard the Beaufort for the battles and does not appear in the muster roll. The SHSP editors mention him as aboard the Virginia, as does Smith, but I suspect they are confused by his SHSP article about the battle (in which he places himself aboard the Beaufort.)

Maxine Turner's Navy Gray lists some people that went with Catesby Jones from the Virginia to Saffold, Georgia, and to the Chattahoochee.  Among them is "Charles King Mallory, Jr., a Hampton, Virginia, midshipman (the Gallant 'Young Mallory' who had been the first to board the US Congress after the Virginia's attack forced her surrender)".  This indicates that he was probably on the CSS Beaufort.

She also lists Coxswain John Rosler, Seaman A. W. Tembler, and Seaman Thomas Sanders who aren't on the muster roll.

Those she lists that are on the muster roll that went with Catesby ap Roger Jones to Saffold are:
Hardin Beverly Littlepage, Henry H. Marmaduke, William Young, James C. Cronin, George May, John Perry, John Dunlop[sic], John Jolif, and Pat Martin.    The list of transfers may have missed Acting Midshipman W. J. Craig, First Assistant Engineer John W. Tynan, possibly Eugene T. Henderson (listed as Landsman on the Virginia and Paymasters Clerk on Chattahoochee), possibly Thomas Saunders (Ordinary Seaman vs. Second Gunner ), possibly George Smith (Ordinary Seaman vs.Captain Top.), possibly William Walker (Landsman),

Smith also lists Bennett W. Green as an assistant surgeon.

South Carolina 1st Infantry (Gregg's) Company I - Richardson Guards lists 12 individuals that transferred to the CS Navy and apparently to the CSS Virginia. Nine of the names appear on the Virginia's muster roll. However, these three don't appear:

South Carolina 1st Infantry (Gregg's) Company L lists this individual whose name does not appear on the muster roll

Georgia Volunteer Infantry, 4th Regiment, Company G lists two individuals as going to the "Merrimac" but this is apparently a later ship.

North Carolina Troops[T11] lists these individuals as going to the "Merrimac" but their names do not appear on the muster roll.

The 9th Regiment Virginia Volunteers provided at least 7 men to the Virginia. The following individual does not appear in the muster roll:

The Louisiana Confederate Pensions Records indicate three men that have been on the Virginia. One was on the muster roll.


[T1] Listed in the MUSTER ROLLS, ETC., CONFEDERATE VESSELS, p. 308, Series II, Volume 1, Parts 1 to 4. in
U.S. Office of Naval Records and Library.
Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion.
Washington: GPO, 1894-1922.
Series 1, 27 vols.; Series 2, 3 vols.; General Index, 1927.

[T2] Information from the 135th Anniversary Brochure. It appears that this information came from the 125th Anniversary Brochure and was created by Irwin Berent.

[T3] Berent, Irwin Mark "Georgians Crewed the Virginia."
in Georgia Genealogical Society Quarterly., v. 15, No. 1(Spring 1979), pp. 123-127.

[T4] Turner, Maxine. Navy Gray. A Story of the Confederate Navy on the Chattahoochee and Apalachicola Rivers.
The University of Alabama Press. Tuscaloosa, AL. 1988.357pp.

[T5] Scharf, J. Thomas. History of the Confederate States Navy
from its organization to the surrender of its last vessel. Its stupendous struggle with the great navy of the United States; the engagements fought in the rivers and harbors of the South, and upon the high seas; blockade-running, first use of iron-clads and torpedoes, and privateer history.
The Fairfax Press. New York. 1977. (Originally published in 1887 by New York, Rogers & Sherwood.)

[T6] Mabry, W. S. Brief Sketch of the Career of Catesby ap Roger Jones.
Privately published, Selma, AL, January, 1912. 55pp

[T7] Personal communication from David M. Sullivan.

[T8] White, Ellsberry Valentine. The First Iron-Clad Naval Engagement in the World:
History of Facts of the Great Naval Battle Between the Merrimac-Virginia, C.S.N., and the Ericsson Monitor U.S.N., Hampton Roads, March 8 and 9, 1862.

New York: J. S. Ogilvie, 1906.

[T9] Name corrected to "Messick" by personal communication from his descendant, Corrie Tillman 22 May 2001.

[T10] Eggleston, John R. "Captain Eggleston's Narrative of the Battle of the Merrimac"
The Southern Historical Society Papers, v. 41 (1916), pp 166-178.

[T11]North Carolina Department of Archives and History. North Carolina Troops
Volume 5, issued by the . (Supplied by Terry Foenander, January 2000).

[T13]Tattnall, Josiah. Proceedings of a Naval General Court Martial, in the Case of Captain Josiah Tattnall.
Richmond: Macfarlane & Fergusson, 1862. (Microform 1974)

[T14]Curtis, Richard. History of the Famous Battle Between the Iron-Clad Merrimac, C.S.S., and the Iron-Clad Monitor and the Cumberland and Congress of the U.S. Navy,
March the 8th and 9th, 1862, as Seen by a Man at the Gun
Norfolk, Va.: S. S. Turner and Sons, 1907.

[T15]Phillips, Dinwiddie B. "The Career of the Merrimac" in Southern Bivouac. Louisville Kentucky, March 1887, pp 598-608.

[T16] Personal communication from Lynn C. Jack, Jan. 11, 2003.

[T17] Personal communication from S. Spangler, Jan. 11, 2003.

[T18] Arthur, John Preston. History of Western North Carolina; A History (1730-1913). Edwards & Broughton Printing Company, Raleigh, NC. 1914. Chapter XXVII. "The Civil War Period".

[T19] Sullivan, David M. The United States Marine Corps in the Civil War -- The Second Year. White Mane Publishing Company, Inc. Shippenburg, PA. 1997.

[T20] From "Nansemond County Civil War Veterens" Southampton County Historical Society. (1998) 26 July 2004.

[T21] Personal communication to Martha Tyson from Helen Anderson, March 1997.

[T22] Records use "Archbacker, Samuel". Corrected name from personal communication from descendant Amy Tate, 18 July 2005. By this name, he is listed as a Marine in Thom's Company C in the ORN.

[T23] Series I, Volume 17 p864 Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion.
Washington: GPO, 1894-1922.
Series 1, 27 vols.; Series 2, 3 vols.; General Index, 1927.

[T100] Private email (29 Jan 2006) from descendant J. F. Pankow, with some information from David Sullivan.

Buchanan, Franklin. "Report of Flag-Officer Franklin Buchanan" in Chapter XIX, Records of the Rebellion. (The War Times)

Campbell, R. Thomas. Gray Thunder: Exploits of the Confederate States Navy.
Burd Street Press,Shippensburg, PA, 1996.

The Virginian-Pilot and the Ledger Star March 8, 1987. p C1.

Norris, William. The Story of the Confederate States' Ship "Virginia" (Once Merrimac):
Her Victory Over the Monitor; Born March 7th, Died May 10th, 1862
John B. Piet, Baltimore. 1879 29pp. Also in Southern Historical Society Papers, Number III, Whole Number XLI, Sept. 1916, pp 204-233.

Smith, Gene A. Iron and Heavy Guns: Duel Between the Monitor and Merrimac.
Civil War Campaigns and Commanders Series. Ryan Place Publishers, Fort Worth. 1996.

CSS Virginia
Copyright 1996-2006 by Mabry Tyson