Only the Navy and Marine personnel are listed below. Because of a
lack of qualified sailors, a number of soldiers from the CSA were
transferred to the Navy to man the C.S.S. Virginia. These are
Much of this is taken from the Muster
Roll listed in the Official Records of the Navies.
Captain and Admiral[T1]
See a short biography of Franklin Buchanan. See the images at the Naval Historical Center. From Maryland.
Bunting, William H., Ordinary Seaman[T1] Transferred from Company I, 9th Regiment Virginia Volunteers
Burke, William, Seaman[T1]
Wounded March 8, 1862, per Surgeon's report.
Butt, Walter Raleigh,
Lieutenant[T7][T1] Listed elsewhere as "Butt, Walter A.". In command of guns 6 and 7. See the images at the Naval Historical Center. From Portsmouth, VA. ORN I,7,p61 indicates he was still at Drewry's Bluff in October, 1862.
Carter, Barron, Acting Midshipman[T1]
gives information on him: "Born in Georgia. Resigned as acting midshipman, U. S. Navy January 25, 1861. Master's mate, June 19, 1861. Acting midshipman, July 8, 1861. Midshipman Provisional Navy, June 2, 1864. Served on Savannah station, 1861-1862; participated in battle of Port Royal, S. C., November 7, 1861. C.S.S. Virginia (Merrimack), 1862," sometime after the battle with the Monitor. 'C.S. steamers Georgia, Savannah, and Isondiga. Savannah station, 1862-1863. C.S.S. Patrick Henry. 1863-1864.'"[T3]
City, George Washington, First Assistant
The middle name was given by a descendant. City is not listed in
Jones, Ramsay, White, or Jack. I suspect he was not on board on
March 8 and 9, 1862.
Claysung, Ernest R., Landsman[T1]
135th Anniversary Brochure lists him as Ernest R.
Cronin, James C., Boatswain's Mate[T1]
135th Anniversary Brochure[T2] lists him as "Cronin, James E." while ORN and Maxine Turner[T4] lists him as "Cronin, James C." Littlepage says Jack Cronin was at Eggleston's gun (gun 5). Volunteered for CSS Chattahoochee, Aug. 1862[T23]
Davis, William Henry, Private
Enlisted Montgomery , AL, 4/12/61, discharged 4/13/65 at Drewry's Bluff. Surrendered Greensboro, AL 1865. Born in Pike's Co., AL. Died and buried near Dozier, AL. (personal communication from his great-great-grandson, Larry Duncan). Pilgrims Rest Cemetery. County Road 77, Near Crenshaw County Line. Mar. 25, 1837-Dec. 10, 1914. Confederate States Navy. Wife Louisa. Grave has a VA marker. Conflicting information (and more) on a William H. Davis in Alabama, reportedly served on the Virginia, can be found at the Alabama Department of Archives and History.
Dunbar, Charles., unknown[T14]
Not in muster roll. Killed March 8, 1862, per Surgeon's report. First man killed. Sponger at bow gun. Shot when he stuck his head out to sponge the gun against the Cumberland. See Curtis's article.
Flake, Elijah Wilson, Landsman[T2][T1][T11] North Carolina Troops has "Elijha W. Flake" who transferred from 14th NC regiment on February 15, 1862. The ORN has "Elisha". Wrote a 1914 article on the battle.
Forrest, Andrew Harrison, Ordinary Seaman[T1] He was born in Matthews Co., VA in 1839. He was in the 9th Virginia Infantry, Co. B. before transferring to the CSN. He died on April 12, 1921 and is buried in Mt. Zion Christian Church Cemetery in Crittenden, VA.[T20]
Foute, Robert Chester,
Acting Midshipman[T7][T1] At gun 6. Campbell listed him as Richard C. Foute. Smith has "Fonte". From Tennessee.
Garnett, Algernon S.,
Dr., Assistant Surgeon[T2][T1] Born Oct. 15,1834 to Henry Thomas Garnett and Eliza Stuart Bankhead, of Virginia. As a USN Asst. Surgeon, served on Wyandotte off Florida April 20, 1861. Submitted his resignation, but was dismissed from the USN May 10, 1861. Served on the CSS St. Nicholas on June 29, 1861. Appointed Surgeon August 1862. Lived in Arkansans, dying in Hot Springs, AR, in either 1913 or 1919.
Harrell, Wilson, Landsman[T1] He was born in 1838 to Ann Harrel. He was with the 41st Va. Infantry from the beginning of the war until he transferred to the Virginia in Feb. 1862. He rejoined the 41st in Oct. 1863. He later farmed in Nansemond County.[T20]
Hasker, Charles Hazelwood,
Hasker was in charge of a gun during the battles. Phillips used "Harker". White used "Harper". Later was a Lt. on CSS CHICORA, volunteered for duty on the submarine H. L. HUNLEY, and became the only man to go down on HUNLEY and survive? He was rescued from the water by Midshipman Daniel Murray Lee, nephew of Gen. Robert E. Lee.
Herring, Benjamin, 2nd
Assistant Engineer[T1] Acting 2nd Asst. Eng. at time of battle. Phillips lists him as "Hening". From North Carolina. E.V. White thinks he was in the fire room in charge of the steam pumps.
Hickey, David, Coal heaver[T1] South Carolina 1st Infantry (Gregg's) Company K lists "Hickey, Daniel". Enlisted at Charleston, June 28, 1861; reported on muster roll of December 31, 1861, as sick in hospital; reported on muster roll of February 28, 1862, as having been transferred to the crew of the Merrimac.
Higgins, John Francis, Landsman[T1] Transferred from Company F, 9th Regiment Virginia Volunteers.
Born at St. Mary's, MD, June 1, 1842. Transferred from Co. F, 9th Virginia Infantry to the Virginia on Feb. 19, 1862. He was at Hot Shot Battery #9. After May, he was assigned to other duteis and lost a leg. He acquired a black walnut post from the stair rail leading to the Captain's cabin and used it as a walking stick. Wife was Mary F. Higgins. Died Dec. 19, 1924. Buried Mt. Zion Christian Church Cemetery in Crittenden.[T20]
Ives, Emerson H., Seaman[T2][T1]
Wounded March 8. Listed in Surgeon's report as "Joas,
Jack, Eugenius Alexander,
3rd Assistant Engineer[T1]
Scharf[T5] erroneously lists him as C. A. Jack. Jack, from Virginia, wrote his memoirs to his wife. Acting 3rd Asst. Eng. at time of the battle. A paper about E. A. Jack was presented in 1998. From Virginia. In the fire room. Transferred from Company K, 9th Regiment Virginia Volunteers. Buried at Cedar Grove Cemetary, Portsmouth, VA. He had 3 sons by his first marriage to Ella Brown Ege: Eugenius Alexander Jack, Jr., Kenneth Stott Jack, and Lawrence McKay Jack. His second marriage was to Mary R.Benson. They had one son, Raymond L. Jack.[T16]
Jones, Catesby ap Roger,
Jones was the Executive and Ordnance Officer of the Virginia. The
first officer appointed to the Virginia, he was chosen to light
the fuse to destroy the Virginia.
The "ap" in his name is a Welsh indication of "son of". His father
's given name was Roger . See more information about him on a
web page for him. See the images at the Naval Historical Center. From Virginia.
Jones, William H. H., Second Class
him as "Jones, William H[enry?] H[arrison?] Private, April 26, 1862....Company H, 3rd Regiment, Georgia Volunteer Infantry, Newton County, Ga. ('Young Guards) ...transferred to C.S.S. Merrimac, January 13, 1862,"5 serving as second class fireman.6 Rejoined company after Merrimac was destroyed [May 11, 1862]. Killed, Chancellorsville, Va., May 3, 1863."[T3]
Lamb, Andrew J., Landsman[T1]
gives information on him: "Private, April 25, 1861...Company C, 4th Regiment, Georgia Volunteer Infantry, Twiggs County, Georgia ('Twiggs County Vols.')... Transferred to serve as landsman on Steamer Virginia February 10, 1862. Paid for said service February 4-18, 1862. Served in C.S. Navy at Charleston, Va. and Drewry's Bluff, Va. in 1864. No later record."[T3]
list "Lindsey, Hugh." Phillips has "Linday"
Lindsay, James E., Assistant Surgeon[T1] Lindsay is often left out of lists of officers. Perhaps he only joined the ship after March 9, 1862. He apparently was an officer on May 10, 1862 (see ORN I, 7, p790)
James Early Lindsay was born on 22 September 1836, in Greensboro, NC. He graduated from the University of North Carolina in 1857. An assistant surgeon in the USN, he was imprisoned at Fort Warren, Oct. 1861-Jan. 1862. Appointed Asst Surgeon of CSN to rank from 23 Jan 1862 and Passed Asst. Surgeon from 25 Oct 1862. After serving on the Virginia, he was with the crew at Drewry's Bluf and later in Europe. He married Miss Lottie (Charlotte?) Gittings of Baltimore, Maryland, and went there to live. They had two daughters: Charlotte and Margaret. He was a physician, and in 1890 was a professor at Baltimore Medical College. Died Baltimore City, February 7, 1892.[T100]
Little, William, Landsman[T1][T11] Transferred from 14th NC regiment on February 15, 1862
Beverly, Acting Midshipman[T2][T1] At gun 4. Recovered the flag of the Virginia just before she was scuttled. He was born March 28, 1842. After the war he was responsible for collecting much of the CSN material for the Naval War Records Bureau that went into the ORN. From Virginia. Married Emily Charlton Castleman Nov. 18, 1869.
Hungerford, Acting Midshipman[T2][T1] Slight arm wound on March 8. At gun 2. Marmaduke was the son of Missouri Governor Meredith Miles Marmaduke, who remained a unionist during the Civil War. Confederate General John Sappington Marmaduke, a brother of Henry H.Marmaduke, was Missouri Governor after the War. Ironically, the CSS Virginia went to battle without an ensign showing Missouri as one of the stars.
He died November 15, 1924, and is buried in Arlington, Virginia. The Confederate Veteran ran an obituary in 1925.
Meiere, Julius Ernest, Captain, C.S. Marine Corps.[T13]
Listed in the 135th Anniversary brochure as Captain of Marines (but not listed as a Marine). According to private communications by David Sullivan, Meiere was in command of the Marines on the Virginia after Thom and J.R.F. Tattnall. See this image provided by Sullivan.
In the Tattnall's transcript of his Court Martial, Meiere was indicated as an officer who wished to fight rather than scuttle the Virginia. Tattnall included a letter from Meiere.
Meiere's wife Nannie was the daughter of Franklin Buchanan. [Symond]
Minor, Robert Dabney, Lieutenant[T1]
Minor, Flag Lieutenant on March 8, 1862, was severely wounded attempting to fire the Congress. From Virginia. Born 1821. Attended US Naval Academy at Annapolis as a member of the class of 1841 with roommates Robert C. Duvall, Abercrombie, and John McIntosh Kell and classmate William H. Parker. Married Landonia Randolph in 1850 and had five children: Mollie, Donie, Annie, Bessie C., Roberta. Died 1871. See the Robert D. Minor Letters, 1862-1863, Accession 20194, Personal papers collection, The Library of Virginia. Archives Branch, Richmond, Virginia 232219.
Mitchell, Richard A., Landsman[T1][T11] Transferred from 13th NC regiment on February 19, 1862
Moore, George J. NOT LISTED IN MUSTER ROLL.
Berent79[T3] gives information on him: "Private, June 20, 1861...Company C, 4th Regiment, Georgia Volunteer Infantry, Twiggs County, Georgia (Twiggs Count Vols')...Transferred to C.S. Steamer Merrimac February 10, 1862. Officer's cook in the James River Squadron in 1864-1865. Deserted at Richmond, Va., April 3, 1865, and took oath of allegiance to U. S. Government there April 17, 1865. Furnished transportation to Philadelphia, Pa., April 24, 1864."
Moore, P.T. NOT LISTED IN MUSTER ROLL
Berent79[T3] gives information on him: "Private, June 20, 1861...Company C, 4th Regiment, Georgia Volunteer Infantry, Twiggs County, Georgia ('Twiggs County Vols.')...Transferred to C.S. Steamer Merrimac February 20, 1862. Served as ordinary seaman in C.S. Navy at station of Savannah, Georgia in 1863. Died in service."
Nelson, Reinbeam W., Landsman[T1]
Berent79[T3]lists him as "Nelson, Rambling [or Reinbeam] W. - Private, April 26, 2861 [Ed.'s note: obviously a typographical error ] ..Company A, 4th Regiment, Georgia Volunteer Infantry, Talbot County, Georgia, Southern Rifles... Discharged February 10, 1862. Enlisted in C.S. Navy." Served as landsman on Merrimack6 "After Merrimac was destroyed [May 11, 1862] enlisted in Cavalry, command unknown. No latter record."
O'Halloran, Dixon R., Ordinary Seaman[T1]
Berent79[T3]lists him as "O'Haloran [or O'Halloran], Dixon Richar - Private, August 31, 1861...Company A, 22nd Regiment, Georgia Volunteer Infantry, Richmond County, Georgia...Transferred to C.S. Navy September, 1861. Paid for services as ordinary seaman, C.S. Navy, on Steamer Virginia from January 16, to February 18, 1862. No later record."
Oliver, Charles B., Gunner[T1] Helped scuttle the Virginia (see E.V. White booklet).
Powers, William R., Landsman[T1][T11][T18] Transferred from 14th NC regiment on February 18, 1862. A North Carolina history refers to him as Riley Powers of Buncombe and indicates he was with the Virginia from launch to destruction.
Price, William M., Landsman[T1][T11] Transferred from 13th NC regiment on February 15, 1862
Ramsay, Henry Ashton, Acting Chief Engineer[T7][T1]
Mabry misused "Ramsey" for his name (as did E.V. White). Ramsay's Sons of the American Revolution Papers are at the Univ. of Baltimore. See the image at the Naval Historical Center. From Virginia.
Rice, Robert, Seaman[T1][T14] According to Curtis, a Signal Quarter Master from Richmond, slightly injured by splinters from the shot of the Monitor.
Riddock, Joseph, Landsman[T1]
135th Anniversary Brochure[T2] lists "Riddick, Joseph" (probably a typo).Born in Yorkville, New York. From Charleston, South Carolina. 5'7", gray eyes, auburn hair. Enlisted at Richmond, Va., July 20, 1861; promoted from private between September 7, and December 31, 1861; promoted to 4th Sergeant between December 31, 1861, and January 17, 1862; promoted to 5th Sergeant between September 7, and December 31, 1861. Was in South Carolina 1st Infantry (Gregg's) Company I - Richardson Guards. Died late in 1896 in Charleston.
Russell, George, Second Class Fireman[T1]
Berent79[T3] gives information on him: "Private, June 11, 1861...Company H, 3rd Regiment, Georgia Volunteer Infantry, Newton County, Georgia ('Young Guards')...Transferred to C.S.S. Merrimac January 13, 1862,'' serving as second class firemen.6 'Rejoined command after Merrimac was destroyed May (11) 1862. Captured, Gettysburg, Pa. July 2, 1862. Released at Point Lookout, Md., June 3, 1865.'"
Semple, James A., Passed Midshipman[T1]
Commanded the powder division during the battles. From Virginia.
Sharp, Andrew Jackson, Landsman[T1]
The ORN muster roll[T1] lists him as "Spark, Andrew J." His granddaughter graciously provided a picture as well as an extract from a family newsletter.[T21] He gave an interview in 1923 about the Virginia. Originally with Company #1, Claibourne Guards (Claibourne Parish, LA), 2nd Louisiana Regiment, he served until the end of the war. He was born 13 Mar 1838 (father: Daniel) in the Cumberland Mountains of East Tennessee, before his family move to Alabama. After the war, he returned to Alabama before moving to Texas. He was married twice and raised eight children. His oldest son was Chief Justice of the Court of Appeals of Texas and apparently was on the Texas Supreme Court. He died 5 Feb 1928 in Franklin, TX and is buried in the Nesbitt Cemetery.
Southall, Benjamin F., Landsman[T1]
Berent79[T3] gives information on Southall: "Private, April 25, 1861...Company C, 4th Regiment, Georgia Volunteer Infantry, Twiggs County, Georgia ('Twiggs County Vols.')...Transferred to serve as landsman on C.S. Steamer Virginia February 10, 1862. No later record."
Stevens, James H., Landsman[T1] Transfered from South Carolina 1st Infantry (Gregg's) Company I - Richardson Guards. enlisted at Richmond, Va., July 20, 1861; promoted to 1st Corporal between December 31, 1861, and January 17, 1862; promoted from 2nd Corporal between December 31, 1861, and January 17, 1862; transferred to Navy Department, January 17, 1862.
Tattnall, John Robert Fenwick, Captain, CSMC
David Sullivan privately communicated that J.R.F. Tattnall had been in command of the Marines on the Virginia after Thom. J.R.F. Tattnall was appointed Colonel of the 29th Alabama Regiment as of April 17, 1862.
Tattnall, Josiah, Jr., Flag Officer[T3][T1]
Assigned to the Virginia on March 22, 1862, Tattnall commanded the final days of the Virginia. His father was a Georgia governor. The crew universally spelled his name as "Tatnall". It was also listed that way sometimes in the USN register of officers. A biography of Josiah Tattnall is online from Dr. Seth Smith. Charles C. Jones, with the assistance of Tattnall's son, wrote a book on Tattnall in 1878. See also Berent79. See this image provided by David Sullivan and the images at the Naval Historical Center. He is buried in Savannah. See also the Court Martial. See his orders to the USS Macedonian in 1818.
Teterton, William Ropheus, Landsman[T2][T1]
ORN Muster Roll[T1] lists him as "Titleton, W. R."
Tharp, Macelus A., Landsman[T3][T1]
Berent79[T3] gives information on him: "Private, April 25, 1861...Company C, 4th Regiment, Georgia Volunteer Infancy, Twiggs County, Georgia ('Twiggs County Vols')...Transferred to C.S. Steamer Virginia February 10, 1862,"5 serving as landsman;6 "to Co. A. 1st Regt. Naval Brigade as coxswain. Appointed as 1st Corporal. Surrendered Greensboro, N.C. April 26, 1865. Died in Worth County, Georgia in 1899."
Thom, Reuben Tripplet, Captain (Marine), Commanding Marine Guard[T1] Picture from David M. Sullivan.[T7] Scharf in one spot lists him as "Thorn". In command of guns 8 and 9. From Alabama. He was a distant cousin of Captain's Clerk Arthur Sinclair.[T17]
Tinsley, Jefferson W., First Class Fireman[T1]
Berent79[T3]lists him as "Tinsley, Jefferson M. [or W.] - 'Private April 25, 1861...Company H, 3rd Regiment, Georgia Volunteer Infantry, Newton County, Georgia ('Young Guards')...Transferred to steamer Merrimac or Virginia January 13, 1862.' serving as first class fireman."
Waldeck, L., unknown
Not in Muster Roll. Killed March 8, 1862, per Surgeon's report.Transferred from South Carolina 1st Infantry (Gregg's) Company L. Enlisted at Charleston, August 27, 1861;transferred to the Merrimac, by Special Order No. 12, Department of Norfolk, Va., January 18, 1862. However, Curtis[T14] describes the second man killed as "Gansmere".
White, Elsberry Valentine, 3rd Assistant Engineer[T3][T1]
E. A. White wrote a pamphlet on the battle[T8] and was quoted in a newspaper article. Originally from Georgia, he later lived in Portsmouth. Also see Berent79. Sharf (p155) and Campbell incorrectly use Robert Wright. See the image at the Naval Historical Center. At the signal to the engine room.
Wood, John Taylor, Lieutenant[T2][T1]
A Gun Captain of the aft pivot 7" Brooke rifle, Wood fired the shot that wounded Worden. He went on to great fame in the Civil War. He wrote an article about the battle. Royce Shingleton wrote a book on him: Shingleton, Royce Gordon. John Taylor Wood, Ghost of the Confederacy. University of Georgia Press. Athens, GA. 1979. 229pp. See the images at the Naval Historical Center. From Louisiana.
Wood, Levin H., Landsman[T1][T11] Transferred from 13th NC regiment on February 15, 1862
Wright, Sidney W., Landsman[T1][T11] North Carolina Troops has "Sidney R. Wright" who transferred from 13th NC regiment on February 15, 1862
Young, William, Boatswain's Mate[T1] Volunteered for CSS Chattahoochee, Aug. 1862[T23]
Norris and White give the home state of many of the officers.
There is often confusion that Virginius Newton served
on the Virginia. He was aboard the Beaufort for the
battles and does not appear in the muster roll. The SHSP editors
mention him as aboard the Virginia, as does Smith, but I
suspect they are confused by his SHSP article about the battle (in
which he places himself aboard the Beaufort.)
Maxine Turner's Navy Gray lists some people that went with
Catesby Jones from the Virginia to Saffold, Georgia, and to
the Chattahoochee. Among them is "Charles King Mallory, Jr., a Hampton, Virginia, midshipman (the Gallant 'Young Mallory' who had been the first to board the US Congress after the
Virginia's attack forced her surrender)". This indicates
that he was probably on the CSS Beaufort.
She also lists Coxswain John Rosler, Seaman A. W. Tembler, and Seaman Thomas Sanders who aren't on the muster roll.
Those she lists that are on the muster roll that went with Catesby
ap Roger Jones to Saffold are:
Hardin Beverly Littlepage, Henry H. Marmaduke, William Young, James
C. Cronin, George May, John Perry, John Dunlop[sic], John
Jolif, and Pat Martin. The list of transfers may
have missed Acting Midshipman W. J. Craig, First Assistant Engineer
John W. Tynan, possibly Eugene T. Henderson (listed as Landsman on
the Virginia and Paymasters Clerk on Chattahoochee),
possibly Thomas Saunders (Ordinary Seaman vs. Second Gunner ),
possibly George Smith (Ordinary Seaman vs.Captain Top.), possibly
William Walker (Landsman),
Smith also lists Bennett W. Green as an
Holsenbeck, Alexander H: ---- private April 25, 1861. Transferred to Co. C, 14th Regiment Ga. Inf. July 9, 1861. Received monthly pay at Richmond, Va. from March 1, to April 2, 1864, on June 13, 1864. Transferred to C. S. Navy and served on the Merrimac. [Apparently this be a different Merrimac]
Penn, Thomas R: ---- private May 16, 1862. Wounded at Gettysburg, Pa. July 2, 1863; Mine Run, Va. December 2, 1863. Transferred to C. S. Navy April 3, 1864, where he served as landsman. Served on Merrimac. Transferred to ---- privateer Tallahassee. Made two trips to Nova Scotia. Transferred to Iron Clad Richmond. Surrendered Greensboro, N. C. April 26, 1865. [Apparently this be a different Merrimac]
North Carolina Troops[T11] lists these individuals as going to the "Merrimac" but their names do not appear on the muster roll.
Baker, John C., transferred from 13th NC regiment on February 15, 1862
Possibly "John H. Barker" in the muster roll?
Brown, Jacob, transferred from 13th NC regiment on February 19, 1862
Davis, Josiah C., transferred from 13th NC regiment on February 15, 1862
Possibly "James C. Davis" in the muster roll? ("Jos." and "Jas." are similar)
Hotchkiss, Seth A., transferred from 13th NC regiment on February 15, 1862
Johnston, Henry F., transferred from 13th NC regiment on February 15, 1862
Puttick, James A., transferred from 14th NC regiment on February 15, 1862
Possibly "James A. Patrick" in the muster roll?
Smith, Samuel W., transferred from 14th NC regiment on February 15, 1862
Conceivably could be "Samuel Bell Smyth" in the muster roll??
The 9th Regiment Virginia Volunteers provided at least 7 men to the Virginia. The following individual does not appear in the muster roll:
Henry, William C. Transferred from Company J, 9th Regiment Virginia Volunteers
The Louisiana Confederate Pensions Records indicate three men that have been on the Virginia. One was on the muster roll.
Gallagher, George F.
Louisiana Confederate Pension records indicate he was on the "Merrimac" as an Able Seaman and on the gunboat Fanny and on the United States. Note the United States was used as a training vessel for the crew of the Virginia. Perhaps this is the individual listed in the muster roll as Charles Gallager.
Louisiana Confederate Pension records indicate he had been with the Louisiana 5th Regiment Infantry, Company H and that he was on the privateer Tacony, and on the gunboats Archer, Taconey, Virginia, Florida. Possibly this is a different Virginia.
in the MUSTER ROLLS, ETC., CONFEDERATE VESSELS, p. 308, Series II,
Volume 1, Parts 1 to 4. in U.S. Office of Naval Records and
Library. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion.
Washington: GPO, 1894-1922.
Series 1, 27 vols.; Series 2, 3 vols.; General Index,
Information from the 135th Anniversary Brochure. It appears that this
information came from the 125th Anniversary Brochure and was created
by Irwin Berent.
[T4]Turner, Maxine. Navy Gray. A Story of the Confederate Navy on the Chattahoochee and Apalachicola Rivers.
The University of Alabama Press. Tuscaloosa, AL.
[T5]Scharf, J. Thomas. History of the Confederate States Navy from its organization to the surrender of its last
vessel. Its stupendous struggle with the great navy of the United
States; the engagements fought in the rivers and harbors of the
South, and upon the high seas; blockade-running, first use of
iron-clads and torpedoes, and privateer history.
The Fairfax Press. New York. 1977. (Originally
published in 1887 by New York, Rogers & Sherwood.)
[T6]Mabry, W. S. Brief Sketch of the Career of Catesby ap Roger Jones.
Privately published, Selma, AL, January, 1912.
communication from David M. Sullivan.
[T11]North Carolina Department of Archives and History. North Carolina Troops Volume 5, issued by the . (Supplied by Terry Foenander, January 2000).
[T13]Tattnall, Josiah. Proceedings of a Naval General Court Martial, in the Case of Captain Josiah Tattnall.
Richmond: Macfarlane & Fergusson, 1862. (Microform 1974)
[T14]Curtis, Richard. History of the Famous Battle Between the Iron-Clad Merrimac, C.S.S., and the Iron-Clad Monitor and the Cumberland and Congress of the U.S. Navy, March the 8th and 9th, 1862, as Seen by a Man at the Gun
Norfolk, Va.: S. S. Turner and Sons, 1907.