U.S.S. Cumberland

Reports

Ship

Crew

The guns were manned by 16 man crews with one powder boy.[T1]

Radford indicates 121 of the 376 men and officers were lost on March 8.

Selfridge indicates that three soldiers from shore who had come off to visit the ship were unable to return, and asked permission to join the guns' crews. Two were killed and one escaped.[T15]

Unfortunately, I have not yet collected the names of the other crew. Any help would be appreciated. The names of most of the survivors is in the 1862 Report of the Secretary of the Navy.[T10]


References:

[T1] Selfridge, Thomas O. "The Merrimac and the Cumberland" The Cosmopolitan, A Monthly Illustrated Magazine, volume XV, The Cosmopolitan Press, 1893, pp 176-184.

[T2] Brander Matthews, "A Decoration Day Revery", The Century, Vol. 40, Issue 1, May 1880, pp 102-105

[T3] Letter from Daniel O'Connor, March 13, 1862. In possession of Jack Connor. Copy in Personal Papers Section, Marine Corps Historical Society.

[T4] Abbott, John Stevens Cabot, The History of the Civil War in America. 1864. Vol. 1, p. 342.

[T5] Wood, Wm. Maxwell, Fleet Surgeon, Report transmitting list of killed and wounded, March 12, 1862. ORN I, v7, p15-17

[T6] Wood, Wm. Maxwell, Fleet Surgeon, Report of killed and wounded on and alongside the Minnesota in the action of the 8th and 9th March, 1862, March 10, 1862. ORN I, v7, p12-13

[T7] Wood, Wm. Maxwell, Fleet Surgeon, Additional report of Fleet Surgeon Wood, U. S. Navy, transmitting list of killed and wounded, March 14, 1862. ORN I, v7, p17-18

[T8] Radford, William, Commander USS Cumberland, Report to Secretary of Navy Gideon Welles, regarding the loss of USS Cumberland, March 10, 1862.

[T9] "An Account of the reception given by the citizens of New York to the survivors of the officers and crews of the U.S. frigates 'Cumberland' and 'Congress.'" in Moore, Frank. The Rebellion Record: A Diary of American Events. Vol. 4. Jan 62 - May 62. pp 465-468. New York: G.P. Putnam, 1862.

[T10] United States Government. Message of the President of the United States to the Two Houses of Congress at the Commencement of the Third Session of the Thirty-Seventh Congress. Vol. 3. 1862. House of Representatives, 37th Congress, 3rd session. Ex. Doc. 1. Washington, DC. 1862. 931pp
William Radford's list of survivors page 99-102.

[T11] History and Traditions of Marblehead, Mass by Samuel Roads Jr, Houghton, Osgood and Co, 1880, pp 294-295. (Reference supplied by Maureen Graves Anderson.)

[T12] From New Hampshire Navy Genealogy Page March 16, 2003.

[T13] Personal communication from Tony Forde, May 8, 2001; Mar. 19, 2003. According to obituaries in the New York's Irish World on his brothers (Patrick and Austin, founders of the above newspapers), he perished aboard the Cumberland at Hampton Roads. A book on his nephew, Bishop Francis X. Ford, also quotes the same incident. James P. Rodechko, Patrick Ford and his search for America. Arno Press Inc(1976) p.32: "Ford's youngest brother, at the age of fourteen, enlisted as a drummer boy, while an older brother served in the navy and was killed in the sinking of the Cumberland by the ironclad Merrimac." Raymond A. Lane, Stone in the King's Highway McMullen Books, Inc. (1953) p.4: "Another son, Thomas, was already in the navy and lost his life when the Cumberland was sunk by the Confederate ironclad, Merrimac."

[T14] United States Government. Message of the President of the United States to the Two Houses of Congress at the Commencement of the Third Session of the Thirty-Seventh Congress. Vol. 3. 1862. House of Representatives, 37th Congress, 3rd session. Ex. Doc. 1. Washington, DC. 1862. 931pp
Report on the Killed and Wounded p96-97.

[T15] Memoirs of Thomas O. Selfridge, Jr., Rear Admiral, U.S.N. with an introduction by Captain Dudley W. Knox. New York & London, G.P. Putnam's sons, 1924.

[T16] Sullivan, David M. The United States Marine Corps in the Civil War -- The Second Year. White Mane Publishing Company, Inc. Shippenburg, PA. 1997.

[T17] 3rd New Jersey Cavalry Co. H. http://www.geocities.com/rdenm76900/CompanyH2.html August 27, 2004. This source indicates he was later a private in Co. H. Source quoted is Historic Days in Cumberland County, New Jersey by Nichols.

[T18] Johnson's New Universal Cyclopedia 1875-1878.p 1439.


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