U.S.S. Congress




Different numbers are stated for the number of prisoners taken. Parker[T17] states that there were 26 prisoners of which 5 were wounded. Manley reports that "Leroy", captain of gun #13 was killed by the first exchange of broadsides.

New York 99th Regiment Infantry "Union Coast Guard This unit served and suffered losses on the Congresss on March 8, 1862.

See also the New York 7th Regiment Infantry

Lt. Pendergrast's report of March 19 indicates

"Total number of officers and men on board 434
Total number of officers and men on board accounted for 298
Total number of killed, wounded, and missing 136
Total number of wounded taken on shore 26
Total number killed and missing 110
Total number of wounded (since dead) 10
Total number of killed, missing, and died on shore 120"

Unfortunately, I have not yet collected the names of the other crew. Any help would be appreciated.


[T1] Curtis, Frederick H. "The 'Congress' and the 'Merrimack'", retold by Frank Stedmon Alger in The New England Magazine. Vol. 25, Issue 6, February 1899, pp. 687-693.

[T2] Personal communications from Darl Stephenson 5/5/2001

[T5] Wood, Wm. Maxwell, Fleet Surgeon, Report transmitting list of killed and wounded, March 12, 1862. ORN I, v7, p15-17

[T6] Wood, Wm. Maxwell, Fleet Surgeon, Report of killed and wounded on and alongside the Minnesota in the action of the 8th and 9th March, 1862, March 10, 1862. ORN I, v7, p12-13

[T7] Wood, Wm. Maxwell, Fleet Surgeon, Additional report of Fleet Surgeon Wood, U. S. Navy, transmitting list of killed and wounded, March 14, 1862. ORN I, v7, p17-18

[T9] "An Account of the reception given by the citizens of New York to the survivors of the officers and crews of the U.S. frigates 'Cumberland' and 'Congress.'" in Moore, Frank. The Rebellion Record: A Diary of American Events. Vol. 4. Jan 62 - May 62. pp 465-468. New York: G.P. Putnam, 1862.

[T11] History and Traditions of Marblehead, Mass by Samuel Roads Jr, Houghton, Osgood and Co, 1880, pp 294-295. (Reference supplied by Maureen Graves Anderson.)

[T14] United States Government. Message of the President of the United States to the Two Houses of Congress at the Commencement of the Third Session of the Thirty-Seventh Congress. Vol. 3. 1862. House of Representatives, 37th Congress, 3rd session. Ex. Doc. 1. Washington, DC. 1862. 931pp
Report on the Killed and Wounded p96-97.

[T16] Sullivan, David M. The United States Marine Corps in the Civil War -- The Second Year. White Mane Publishing Company, Inc. Shippenburg, PA. 1997.

[T17] Parker, William Harwar. Recollections of a Naval Officer 1841-1865. See bibliography

[T18] Manley, H. DeHaven. Letter to J. M. Broomall, March 24, 1862. Printed years later. From the archives of the Media Library, Media, Pennsylvania.

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